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Taking photographs for a book is very similar to taking them for a blog. As a food blogger, you probably already have a good idea of how to take great photographs. If you need a refresher, here are some important tips for food photography, as well as links to more information.
Photos for a blog are normally used at 72 dpi which gives you a lot of leeway with resizing, cropping, and zooming using almost any type of camera. Photos used in print books are printed at 300 dpi, severely limiting the amount of cropping and resizing you can do, especially when taken with a lower resolution camera.
There is still some leeway with resizing and cropping but it is much more critical to accurately frame your photograph from the start. It is also helpful to use the highest resolution camera you have access to.
Good lighting is critical to producing great photos. Natural light is a wonderful way to go if you have access to it. A box light, or stand lights are also very helpful. Never use the flash on your camera, it will result in washed out photographs.
Using bounce boards is also a great habit to develop. These reflectors are set up at the opposite side of the food and bounce the light back, filling in shadows and rounding out the photos. A piece of foam board you can get for a few bucks at any craft store can be used as an inexpensive bounce board.
Don't limit yourself to only a few angles because there are often many compelling shots you might miss out on.
It's best to start with the normal angles of an above shot, a straight front shot, and a 3/4 or 45° shot. That way you know you have at least a few usable photos. From there you can start to take more unusual pictures that might not work out such as different cropped views, using harsher or softer lighting, and more or less zoomed in. You can also experiment with the depth of field and compositions with less usual exposures.
Taking several shots will not only give you a wide variety of shots to choose from, it will also give you great practice and teach you what works and doesn't work.
When using proper lighting you will need to have the shutter open for a longer amount of time. This makes it very hard to hold the camera steady. Using a tripod or another stabilizing device is key to producing crisp photographs.
For most of my normal shots I use the Ravelli APLT2 50" Tripod and it works great. Plus, for under $20 it's a great deal for a solid piece of equipment. When I'm taking photos with my phone, I use the SnapMount SM3 Tripod Mount, which allows my phone to go on a normal tripod.
Don't be scared to touch up, re-balance, and crop your photos on your computer. While some professional photographers might look down on this practice, most photographers can produce much, much better photos when they are touched up.
Adobe Photoshop or Adobe Lightroom are the top two photo editing programs. These programs, especially Photoshop, used to be very expensive but they are now available as a subscription for only $10 to $20 a month, less than most web hosting. If you are serious about producing high quality work then their ability to transform your photographs is worth the monthly investment. You can also explore the other photo editing programs
To take full advantage of many of Lightroom, Photoshop, and the other editing programs it's best to shoot in RAW format. This format stores much more information than the standard JPG format and allows you to change many aspects of your image using simple sliders.
Detailed food photography is beyond the scope of this article but here are some books we highly recommend if you are looking for more help with your photography. Plate to Pixel: Digital Food Photography & Styling, Food Photography: From Snapshots to Great Shots, and Focus on Food Photography for Bloggers all provide great overviews of food photography that will work for both bloggers and publishers.
For a general look at photography we recommend Understanding Exposure: How to Shoot Great Photographs with Any Camera.
If you need help with your food styling, Food Styling: The Art of Preparing Food for the Camera and The Food Stylist's Handbook both provide great information.